“The lead researcher stated that it is “foolish” to use seeds with pesticides pre-applied (so-called ‘prophylactic’ use), and his summary conclusion is telling: “The way they’re used doesn’t make any sense,” he says. “It only makes sense from one motive. That is the profit motive for the manufacturer”.” https://www.ecologicalcitizen.net/pdfs/v02n1-01.pdf p5
Solitary bees were previously reluctant to take part.
“A spokesman for Syngenta, a neonicotinoid manufacturer, said: “Efsa sadly continues to rely on a [bee risk guidance] document that is overly conservative, extremely impractical and would lead to a ban of most if not all insecticides, including organic products.””
If organic produce is now classified as an insecticide, then chemical pesticides are no more effective than hurling rotten fruit at insects.
Could you fly a little faster, said the sparrow to the quail,
There’s a partridge right behind me who’s a deadweight on my tail.
We’re flying round in circles, answered quail unto the spug,
I’m feeling rather queasy and my head’s all shot to fug.
Expected response from UK government? “Although this study adds to the growing pool of evidence that neonicotinoids adversely affect bees, until we can speak to bees directly, to hear why they’re getting sicker and thicker, we can’t punish the agrochemical industry unduly.”